Comparative law

Comparative law is the study of various legal systems from different countries. It analyses differences and similarities of the different countries rules. The comparative law mostly helps to understand foreign legal systems.

It, therefore, leads to more cooperation and avoidance of conflict hence an improved world order. Legislators frequently use foreign laws in a draft in new laws and more courts increasingly use or draw inspiration from international jurisprudence as well. Comparative law is not only necessary in the world of academia but also specific areas of law.

Reasons for comparison of law

At the end of 19 century and early 20th century, many saw the comparative law as a tool of improving domestic law and doctrine. However, by the 20th century, many legal academics in Europe considered comparative law as a tool of paramount importance especially for harmonizing law in the European Union. Hence there are many reasons for comparing laws from different countries.

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The study of comparative law involves the study of constitutive elements and how they combine in a system. Several branches from several disciplines have therefore developed including comparative constitutional law, comparative civil law (law of contracts/obligation, torts, and delicts), comparative administrative law, comparative criminal law, and comparative commercial law (trade and business organization). These studies, therefore, can be viewed as micro-legal analysis.

Sujit Choudhry is a professor of law at University of California Berkeley School of Law. He is a comparative constitutional law expert and advisor. He attended Harvard school of law for his masters LLM, University of Toronto – Bachelors of Law LLB, University of Oxford – Bachelors of Arts law and Mcgill University – Bachelors of Science.  Source:

He is internationally recognized authority on comparative constitutional law. He combines a wide-ranging expertise in field experience, research in the process of a constitutional building process. Countries he has consulted for include Ukraine, Jordan, Libya, Egypt, South Africa, Nepal, Sri Lanka, and Tunisia, check this on He has also spoken or lectured in a dozen countries.

His research focuses on the design of the constitution as a tool to manage transitions from violence to peaceful democratic countries, federalism, ethnically divided societies, decentralization semipresidentialism, secession, official language policy, constitutional courts, bill of rights, and minority and group rights. Also, he uses constitutional design as an instrument to manage authoritarian to democratic rule, security sector supervision, and constitutional building.  Visit Choudhry on his page.